Presentation of Research

The presentation of research (thesis, dissertation) has a duty of linking its specific area of study with the tradition in the literature and with related and more general areas of background study.

A thesis/ dissertation should ideally have a hypothesis or set of related hypotheses (or at least strong aims) that can be broken down into clear objectives based on the following areas and yet bind these areas together. The order is suggested.

Research Presentation - suggested order


Introduce specific area of the study (What is it about?)
Describe relationship between specific field and general area
Describe general/ theoretical area of the study
Give hypotheses/ aims/ theoretical framework used
Justify theoretical framework
Argue relevance/importance of this study
Review of literature and definition of terms:

Describe field of study in relation to other works
Outline major relevant theoretical frameworks/themes as in literature
Review major relevant empirical studies
Outline major themes/issues from field, theory and empirial studies
Define key terms
Organisation and setting of the study:

Outline study and discussions ahead
Justify the organisation of the study itself and the techniques used
Give the geographical, historical, etc, settings of the study
Discuss presentation of materials
Argue for the coherence of these
Basic Findings of the Study:

Describe the basic findings
Describe problems arising from analysis and organisation of study
Key Issues to Emerge from the Study:

Isolate each finding and discuss in considerable detail
Discuss according to this study
Discuss according to other studies in the literature
Discuss according to theories and hypotheses

(Repeat for each finding)

Restate hypotheses/ theoretical areas of study and how they were met
Repeat findings and their importance relating to the literature
Summarise all discussions
Re-emphasise relevance of areas of study
Suggest directions for future research based on findings/problems

In brief: clearly display the field of study and its contents; relate the subject matter to the knowledge of the field in the literature; outline the background to the subject area; show a good grasp of the subject area especially in the discussions and detail; justify the methodology; admit to problems; give the study a sense of narrative so that it leads towards conclusions in an organised and readable way; show how other research may develop from this.