PO Methods Answers

Answers (follow the money)

[14] 1000000
[10] 64000   [11] 125000   [12] 250000   [13] 500000
[09] 32000
[05] 2000  [06] 4000  [07] 8000  [08] 16000
[04] 1000
[01] 100  [02] 200  [03] 500





£100  2 marks

Participant Observation research is:
A Qualitative
£200  2 marks

Good participant observation aims to be particularly:
A Valid
£500  3 marks

The advantages of Participant Observation research include:
D Respondents' perspective
£1000 (fall back position)  4 marks

Participant Observation is the main research method used in:
A Ethnography
£2000  5 marks

Which sociologist below is NOT known as a leading a participant observer?
D Peter Wilmott
£4000  5 marks

Participant observation is often criticised (as a disadvantage) for being:
B Subjective
£8000  6 marks

Robert Park told his colleagues to "go get the seat of your pants dirty in real research" (Park, 1927), meaning participant observation. Where did he and his colleagues work?
B Chicago
£16000  8 marks

List at least two ways in which a researcher can join a group to carry out participant observation
  1. Already a member
  2. Join its formal membership
  3. Befriend an individual

£320000 (fall back position)  8 marks

Describe at least two ways in which a researcher can protect the anonymity of those researched
  1. Changing names and locations
  2. Not publishing research outside academia
  3. Waiting some time before publishing

£640000  8 marks

Participant observation is said to be more valid if:
D The researcher waits for answers to emerge
£125000  10 marks

List at least two advantages of participant observation as a research method
  1. Participants behave as they do normally
  2. It takes the viewpoint of the participants rather than the researcher
  3. It can dig deep into social interaction
  4. The researcher is open to new insights (and alter the course of research)

£250000  10 marks

Describe an ethical issue that arises after a researcher leaves a group
  1. The group may get to read the research and know what each of them was doing
  2. Friends may feel let down by a person revealed to (most/ all of them) as a researcher
  3. The group may have come to depend on the researcher for help and advice
  4. The group may feel they have been exploited for research

£500000  13 marks

Describe an Observation Schedule and explain why this method conducted by a researcher in a group is not participant observation.
An observation schedule involves a person watching and recording their activities on the basis of time spent. This person does not participate and does not blend in to the group. Little meaning is acquired from this form of observing and is likely to be quantitative in results.
£1000000  16 marks

In the inductive nature of participant observation, describe the three part process of how hypotheses are used in research up to and including in the final report.
In observing the behaviour of a group, tentative hypotheses can be generated to account for the behaviour; in the writing of the research hypotheses can be suggested with evidence offered, and crucially the report must show how far the evidence supports these hypotheses.

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