Answer one question from each section 1 to 10 in any order

Orthodox forms of Judaism
Text 1: The Faith of a People that Suffered
1 What experiences define the identity of a Jew? Answer in sentences with reasons.
2 York's Clifford Tower commemorates the massacre of Jews in 1190. Describe the intolerance and then tolerance of the English towards the Jews.
3 In the Christian New Testament it states that the sins of the Jews killed Christ. Explain how that might have contributed towards intolerance and suffering.
4 Draw a simple composite map of movements and places of suffering.
Text 2: The Faith of a People Through Torah and Talmud
1 What is the principle difference between the approach of the orthodox and the approach of the Ultra-Orthodox towards maintenance of practices?
2 Why might the Middle Ages be the best time for an enthusiastic, well learned, fully observant Jewish faith, and why might today present challenges to faith?
3 Compromising with contemporary society inevitably leads to reform and liberalism? Discuss with examples how the Orthodox intend to avoid this slide into compromise, as they would see it.
Text 3: Ultra Orthodoxy
1 Explain why the Ultra-Orthodox tended towards enthusiasm for God over learning and why they compromised on learning.
2 Explain the Ultra-Orthodox strategy towards living in the contemporary world.
3 Is Chassidism democratic or elitist, do you think?
Text 4: Orthodox Approaches to Zionism
1 Why would some in Orthodox Judaism reject a State of Israel existing too early and set up on political grounds?
2 On what religious basis has a compromise been made within Orthodox and Ultra-Orthodox Judaism regarding the State of Israel?
3 Is Israel the Promised Land? Give reasons for your answer.
Adaptive forms of Judaism
Text 5: Reform Movement and The Divine Law
1 Where does Reform (and Liberal) Judaism think the Law comes from? Answer with explanation.
2 Explain the social and intellectual pressures that led to Reform Judaism taking the stance it did.
3 Is what a Jew believes and does made clear by what branch of the faith he or she belongs?
Text 6: European Tolerance, Secularisation and Liberalising Christianity Impacting on the Jews towards Reform
1 What historical influences are there that helped lead to the origins of Reform Judaism?
2 Discuss the attraction and unattractiveness of Haskalah to Jews in Europe.
3 How is it that what the Church does affects what the Jews do?
Text 7: History of Reform Movements
1 Describe the influence of three leading reformers in Judaism.
2 Describe the evolutionary understanding of Judaism given by a leading reformer.
3 Discuss whether the more radical reformers are doing nothing but watering down Judaism and producing their version of an ethical Unitarianism.
Text 8: Reform into the United States and Britain
1 It is said that Protestantism in England came about because of an accident of a monarch's divorce and was thus in general quite conservative. In what way is the origin of Reform Judaism in Britain also an accident of history rather than an ideological intention?
2 Why did Reform Judaism in America claw back some of its early progressive enthusiasms?
3 Given the percentages involved, is Orthodox Judaism orthodox and how is a Jew to be defined? Answer with reference to different countries.
Text 9: Examples of Women in Judaism
1 Which women do you think will be the most isolated and receive the most communal support? Explain why.
2 Does the Liberal (including Reconstructionist) Jew find her faith the most demanding or easy going. Explain your viewpoint.
3 Which type of Jewish woman do you find most compelling?
Section 10: In General
1 Explain the different attitudes to the Bible of different Jews.
2 Argue whether progressive types of Jews are Jews at all given their attitudes to the Law.
3 All Jews are conservative in one form or another. Discuss this viewpoint giving at least another point of view.