Jesus and Choosing his Disciples

Look at Mark 3: 13-19 for the names of the disciples.

1 Write: The names of the disciples are.... (list them all). They were sent out to .... They were given authority to....
2 Write: In Matthew 10: 8 it states Jesus empowered the disciples and gave them the task to..... This was necessary and urgent because the K.... of .... was at ......

Look at Luke 5: 1-11 to see how Jesus chose the first four men.

3 The miracle shows.... (describe what happened)
4 The miracle story is suggesting what about how many the Jesus movement will attract? (answer including the question in the answer)
5 Do you think Jesus chose fishermen because they would be good at catching people or is this just textual wordplay?
6 What, do you think, might be the qualities fishermen have for preaching, teaching and healing local people?

Mark 1: 16-20 is the same story of recruitment but without the miracle in the boat.

7 What did they do instead with the nets? (Remember to answer so that the question is built in to the answer.)
8 Write: The disciples became Jesus' disciples... (after some discussion, without hesitation?)
9 Write: James and John were w....... They owned their own fishing b...... and em...... their own staff.

10 Write: Mark 2: 13-15 shows Jesus chose a t... m... as a disciple. These people were usually hated.
11 Write: Jesus used a metaphor of seeing a physician. He chose people regarded as sinners because....

12 Write: Matthew 10: 9-10 says what the disciples needed. Jesus said the disciples needed ...... (few/ many) posessions.

The disciples needed protection.

13 Write: In Mark 6: 7 it states that they had to travel in p.....
14 Write: The other name for disciples is...
15 Jesus added a name to Simon. What was his name his new name? See Mark 3: 16-19 and make sure the answer includes the question within the sentence.

Vacancies for disciples
No women may apply

Women could not walk around the country with Jesus. Jesus and the women themselves would have received a bad reputation. However, Jesus took risks with his friendliness towards women and their place within his mission.

Answer this: Was Jesus sexist in recruitment? Give reasons for your answers.

Write an advert for disciples to help Jesus in his preaching, teaching and healing. Use the information in the exercises above (e.g. what are they to do). Refer to women and how they might help.

Jesus and the Disciples
using Revised Standard Version

Translated from the original languages, the version of 1611, revised 1881-1885, 1901; compared with the most ancient authorities and revised 1946-1952, 1971.

Mark Chapter 1

14 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of God, 15 and saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent, and believe the gospel.

16 And passing along by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew the brother of Simon casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen. 17 And Jesus said to them, "Follow me, and I will make you become fishers of men."

18 And immediately they left their nets, and followed him. 19 And going on a little further, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who were in their boat mending their nets. 20 And immediately he called them; and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, and followed him.

21 And they went into Capernaum; and immediately on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught. 22 And they were astonished at his teaching: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.

Mark Chapter 2

13 He went out again beside the sea; and all the crowd gathered about him, and he taught them. 14 And as he passed on, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the tax office, and said to him, "Follow me." And he rose and followed him.

15 And as he sat at table in his house, many tax collectors and sinners were sitting together with Jesus and his disciples; for there were many who followed him. 16 And the scribes of the Pharisees, when they saw that he was eating with sinners and tax collectors, they said to his disciples, why does he eat with tax collectors and sinners?" 17 And when Jesus heard it, he said to them, "Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick; I came not to call the righteous, but sinners."

Mark Chapter 3

13 And he went up on the mountain, and called to him whom he desired: and they came to him. 14 And he appointed twelve, to be with him, and to be sent out to preach, 15 And have authority to cast out demons: 16 Simon whom he surnamed Peter; 17 James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, that is, sons of thunder; 18 Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanean, 19 And Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

Then he went home 20 And the crowd came together again, so that they could not even eat.

Mark Chapter 6

3 ["...] Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James, and Joses, and of Judas, and Simon and are not his sisters here with us?" And they took offence at him. 4 And Jesus said to them, "A prophet is not without honour, except in his own country, and among his own kin and in his own house." 5 And he could do no mighty work there, except that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them. 6 And he marvelled because of their unbelief.

And he went round about the villages, teaching.

7 And he called to him the twelve, and began to send them out two by two; and gave them authority over the unclean spirits; 8 He charged them to take nothing for their journey, except a staff; no bread, no bag, no money in their belts; 9 But to wear sandals; and not put on two tunics.

Matthew Chapter 10

And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every infirmity. 2 The names of the twelve apostles are these: first Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus whose surname was Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Canaanean, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

5 These twelve Jesus sent out, and charging them, "Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans; 6 but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. 7 And preach as you go, saying, "The kingdom of heaven is at hand. 8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons; You received without paying, give without pay. 9 Take no gold, nor silver, nor copper in your belts, 10 no bag for your journey, nor two tunics, nor sandals, nor a staff; for the labourer deserves his food. 11 And whatever town or village you enter, find out who is worthy in it, and stay with him until you depart. 12 As you enter the house, salute it. 13 And if the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you. 14 And if anyone will not receive you or listen to your words, shake off the dust of your feet as you leave that house or town. 15 Truly, I say to you, it will be more tolerable on the day of judgement for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha than for that town.

16 "Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; so be wise as serpents, and innocent as doves. 17 Beware of men; for they will deliver you up to councils, and they flog you in their synagogues; 18 And you will be dragged before governors and kings for my sake, to bear testimony before them and the Gentiles. 19 When they deliver you up, do not be anxious how you are to speak or what you are to say; for what you are to say will be given to you in that hour. 20 For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaking through you. 21 Brother will deliver up the brother to death and the father his child; and children will rise against their parents and have them put to death. 22 And you will be hated by all for my name's sake. But he who endures to the end will be saved. 23 When they persecute you in one town, flee to the next; for truly, I say to you, you not have gone over the towns of Israel, before the Son of man comes.

Luke Chapter 5

1 While the people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he was standing by the lake of Gennesaret, 2 And he saw two boats by the lake; but the fishermen had gone out of them and were washing their nets. 3 Getting into one of the boats, which was Simon's, he asked him to put out a little from the land. And he sat down, and taught the people from the boat. 4 And when he had ceased speaking, he said to Simon, "Put out into the deep, and let down your nets for a catch." 5 And Simon answered, "Master, we have toiled all night and took nothing! But at your word I will let down the nets." 6 And when they had done this, they enclosed a great shoal of fish; and as their nets were breaking, 7 they beckoned to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink. 8 But when Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees saying, "Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord." 9 For he was astonished, and all that were with him, at the catch of the fish which they had taken; 10 and so also were James and John, sons of Zebedee who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, "Do not be afraid; henceforth you will be catching men." 11 And when they had brought their boats to land, they left everything and followed him.