Some Indian Independence Protests

See Amritsar Massacre (1919)

Supporter of Satyagraha

A tribal chief in the north west frontier province, was Khan Abdul Ghaffar, satyagrahi. He was often called the "frontier Gandhi", organiser of war-like pathans in 1929. He called them "Khudai Khidmatgars". Their quality was to remain peaceful when the police hit them with lathis. Ghaffar orignally opposed the partition of India but after independence in 1947 wanted the creation of Pakhtoonistan, a separate state from Pakistan for the Pathans (who also live in Afghanistan). He was imprisoned by the Pakistan government but was released after 15 years because of ill-health. He went to Afghanistan out of that government's reach.

Independence Early

At Lahore on December 31, 1929, Jawaharlal Nehru as President in the Indian National Congress proclaimed Purna Swaraj or freedom from British domination. The flag of independence was raised. Jan 26 1930 was Independence Day all over India. There were large processions and singing of national songs. Mass meetings were held in the evening. This remains Independence Day.

Salt Protest

Only the British government could make and sell salt. The government even raised a tax on the sale of salt. On March 12, 1930, Gandhi along with 78 of his followers set out on foot from his Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmadabad to the sea at Dandi, a village some 380 kilometres away. Gandhi was joined by thousands of villagers on the way. On 6th April, after arriving at Dandi, Gandhi picked up a pinch of salt from the seashore in a symbolic act of defiance of the government. Others followed. People waded into the salt pans guarded by the police with British officers in command. They were hit by batons, but no one defended themselves. Many were left unconscious or in great pain but were followed by others to take their place. Newsmen and cameramen sent reports and pictures of this great Salt March all over the world. Gandhi, other leaders, and 92,000 people were arrested and it shook British rule.


There is more about Gandhi in Learning - Religion and Hinduism.